Speech Therapy addresses motor problems involving the oral structures (lips, tongue, teeth, palate, nasal cavity, breathing mechanism), where the child is unable to produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly.
Language Therapy addresses cognitive (thinking) problems involving listening, paying attention, understanding, memory, organizing thought etc., where the child can speak but not in sentences, makes grammatical mistakes, has difficulty learning new words, and reading.
Communication Therapy addresses social problems involving interest to interact, adapting to people and the environment, where the child can speak but only when he chooses to, doesn't follow instructions, avoids people, answers irrelevantly etc.
Occupational Therapy helps a child become functionally independent in his daily routine such as self care, academics, leisure and social skills. Occupational therapy involves all areas of development and learning, as listed below
» Gross and Fine Motor skills.
Special Education helps children who have difficulty in their academic performance. Special Education addresses problems in reading, writing, spelling, math and difficulties the child may face in relating, recalling and responding to even newly learnt information. Special Education involves specialized teaching methodologies, specific learning strategies and interesting learning material that will provide the child an easier way to learn and become independent.
Sensory Integration Therapy
The ability to learn and pay attention is dependent on our ability to integrate and organize our sensory experiences. Most people think of our senses as the "five basic senses" of sight, Dr. Jean Ayres developed the theory behind sensory integration therapy. The therapy does not directly work on functional skills, but rather it focuses on providing sensory input to help organize the central nervous system. Through this sensory input, underlying sensory processes are theoretically normalized with the assumption that improvement in sensory processing will lead to observable improvements at the functional level. Touch, smell, hearing and taste. However, there are several others "senses" that are very important for learning and attention.
Behavioural modification therapy
One behavior modification technique that is widely used is positive reinforcement, which encourages certain behaviors through a system of rewards. In behavior therapy, it is common for the therapist to draw up a contract with the client establishing the terms of the reward system.
Music therapy is a new form of approach to help children and adults, who have problematic behaviors, to make effective adjustments toward social , emotional, mental and educational aspects, where brain plays a dominant role.Many of the imbalances in the so called normals may also be made set right by regular exposure to certain raagas with special empahasis on certain notes. Music Therapy acts on the human beings before being transformed into thought and feelings.
Vocal Therapy remains an important but overlooked area for most singers. If more emphasis was put on vocal care, there would be a lot of better singers. Please, be the singer who is not afraid to stand out in the crowd; take care of your voice and surely you will reap the rewards. People are looking for a magical exercise to get the most out of their voices when really it is their vocal health that is failing.
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